THY BAA 1st Fleet

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Cessna 172SP Garmin 1000 Official Technical Specs


VFR Steps

There will be 4 progress checks during VFR Phase of the training.


VFR Phase 1

The student must perform minimum 3 circuits, where the student must prove they is able to land safely. Safely approach and flaring are critical.
If the student passes, they will be able to perform solo flights in traffic circuit.

VFR Phase 2

In that check there are two main parts: orientation and safety exercises.
The student must prove to be able to go outside the CTR and to come back, and also to have chances of survival in case of emergency.
If the check is passed, the student will be able to fly into the training areas in solo flights.

VFR Phase 3

The check is about navigation and management of the radio communications.
The student must prove he can go to another aerodrome and coming back.
After the check, the student will be able to fly to other airports in solo flights.

VFR Phase 4

During the last check the student is the only pilot. During check 4, the checker is like a costumer, and all decisions must be taken by the student. In another words, the student must prove he is able to work as Commercial pilot in a VFR operation.
The flight is into two different controlled airports.

Day VFR Phase finishes with Check 4

Night VFR

Night VFR planning is not like during the day. It has neither check flights nor solo flights. Getting into D airspace with coordination with the TMA is allowed and even recommended as it will make you fly higher and even have you on flight following by the ATC. Departure, Arrival, Alternate and enroute weather must be really good. No risks or compromises at night. Night VFR syllabus is composed of 3:00h Dual, 1:20h SPIC and 00:40h Solo. Usually scheduled 2:30h at one night and the other 2:30 at another night.

After the training is completed, endorsement: “Approved for solo night VFR flights"


Basic IFR

Total of 10 hour module is focused on the basics of flying by sole references to instruments, including limited panel, Pattern A & B, steep turns and stalls without visual reference, and unusual attitude recovery. Scheduled 1:30h of each lesson, ends with Lesson 57 Basic IFR Progress Check (Check 5) to indicate that student is ready for IFR enroute flights.


FNPT II module is focusing on improving the basics of instrument flying skills, including limited panel and unusual attitude recovery as well as introduce the instrument en route flying, approach procedures, RNP RNAV set ups, advance uses of VOR/NDB/DME/ILS stations. Total of 37 hour in the simulator.

Advanced IFR

Final stage of instrument flying. Consist of 17 enroute IFR flights which total of 28 hour Dual, 20 hour SPIC. Each flight takes avarage of 3:00h. Develops precise SID execution, crew work organization, holding pattern knowledge, complex use of navigation intruments incuding both ground stations and GPS. 

Multi Engine VFR & IFR

Includes multi engine (MEP) class rating studies, familiarization with the controls of MEP aircraft, traffic pattern, simulated engine failure, IFR operation with simulated failures. Total of 8:00h on aircraft and 3:00h on simulator.

MCC in Full Flight Simulator

Develops MCC PF/PM workload and cockpit environment organization. Consist 7 hour long 4 days ground training and 5 hour long 3 days FFS flights.
Cessna 172SP Garmin 1000

Cessna 172SP Garmin 1000 Cockpit

Basic IFR Video Tutorials

Extra Sources to make your life easier :)

Holding Entry Procedures

Holding Patterns

DME Arc 10/10 Procedure

VOR Radial Interception

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